Learn More About Bruxism

Bruxism refers to the clenching and grinding of teeth. Without treatment, it can lead to serious dental problems, such as tooth wear and fractures. It can also cause pain in the jaw muscles. At Brabham Smiles, we offer treatment for bruxism so you can get back to enjoying a good night’s sleep without worrying about your teeth.

We Can Help You Manage Your Bruxism and Get a Good Night's Sleep

Bruxism is the habit of grinding or clenching your teeth. In most cases, it occurs during sleep, though it can also occur during the daytime. Some people may not even be aware that they have bruxism.

Bruxism can be a response to stress or anxiety and may also be related to sleep disorders like sleep apnoea. It can cause damage to your teeth over time. Bruxism can also lead to other problems, like headaches and jaw pain. In severe cases, it can even lead to temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ).

At Brabham Smiles, we can help you deal with your bruxism. Our highly skilled dentists can diagnose the condition and offer treatment options that can help relieve the pain and prevent further damage to your teeth. In some cases, simple lifestyle changes may be all that is needed to reduce or eliminate bruxism. However, severe cases may require treatment with mouth guards and dental crowns. If you think you may be grinding your teeth, don’t wait to seek help, see us today.

Common Causes of Bruxism

A combination of psychological, physical, and genetic factors is believed to contribute to bruxism. For example, people who are under much stress may grind their teeth at night as a way of releasing tension. Sometimes, people with misaligned teeth may grind their teeth in an effort to achieve a more comfortable bite. Bruxism may also be caused by certain medications or be a genetic condition. Additionally, snoring and sleep disorders, such as obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), may increase your chances of grinding your teeth at night.

Dental Services that Can Address Bruxism


Custom mouthguards fit snugly over your teeth and help protect them from the grinding pressure. They also help keep your jaws aligned properly, reducing the risk of jaw pain and other problems.

Dental Crowns

By covering the tooth entirely, crowns can help to protect the tooth from the damaging effects of bruxism. In addition, your dentist may use crowns to restore severely damaged teeth that have caused sensitivity or difficulty chewing due to bruxism. However, after getting a crown, you are still advised to wear a mouthguard for protection.

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Frequently Asked Questions
about Bruxism

Signs and symptoms of bruxism may include:

  • Grinding or clenching of the teeth that produces a grinding sound
  • Worn-down enamel, exposing deeper layers of your teeth
  • Broken, chipped, or fractured teeth
  • Sensitivity or pain in your teeth
  • Damaged or loose crowns or fillings
  • Jaw muscles that are too tired or tight
  • Locked or dislocated jaw
  • Pain in your temporomandibular joints (the joints that connect your jaw with your skull)
  • A popping or clicking sound in the temporomandibular joint
  • Disruption of sleep
  • Headaches and earaches
There are many people who grind their teeth while they sleep, and it’s usually not a cause for concern. However, if you find that your teeth are loose or you’re having trouble chewing, it’s a good idea to see your dentist. They can help you determine if you need to take steps to protect your teeth from further damage. In some cases, nighttime grinding can be a sign of an underlying medical condition, such as sleep apnoea, so it’s important to rule that out. If you’re concerned about your teeth grinding, talk to your dentist. They can help you figure out what’s causing the problem and develop a treatment plan.

Here are a few home remedies for bruxism:

  • Many causes of bruxism are stress-related. Reducing stress can be helpful. Music, meditation, warm baths, and exercise can all help you relax and avoid or control bruxism.
  • You should avoid stimulating substances like coffee and alcohol in the evening, as they can aggravate bruxism.
  • Practising tongue and jaw muscle exercises can help relieve tensions that contribute to grinding your teeth. You can also try massaging your jaw to relax the muscles.

Bruxism does not usually cause serious complications. A severe case of bruxism, however, may result in dental problems, such as:

  • Flattening and wearing down of teeth
  • Loose teeth
  • Damaged, cracked, or fractured teeth
  • Jaw pain
  • Broken or loose fillings and crowns
  • Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJs)

In extreme cases, it is also possible to experience problems chewing, talking, and swallowing.

Most children outgrow bruxism and suffer no permanent damage to their teeth, and most adults do not grind their teeth severely enough to require treatment. Unfortunately, chronic bruxism can be severe enough in some people to cause jaw disorders, headaches, damaged teeth and other problems without treatment.

Sometimes bruxism resolves itself on its own, but most cases require professional management. Often, teeth grinding has an underlying cause that needs to be determined and addressed.